Figure. The sentence structure in Panglobish. ┌─────────┐ ┌─────────┐ ┌─────────┐ ┌──────────┐ ┌────────────────┐ │ subject │ │ verb │ │ object │ │ prep.phr.│ │ modal particle │ └─────────┘ └─────────┘ └─────────┘ └──────────┘ └────────────────┘
A prepositions begins a preposition phrase that tells additional information about the event that the sentence is about. There are a handful of real prepositions in Panglobish, as listed below, and the others are verbs that can function in the same way as prepositions.
in – in
of – of, from, since
to – to, toward, until
on – on, about
be – by, with, by means of
mi live in London.
– I live in London.
mi safar of London to Paris be bus. – I travel from London to Paris by bus.
mi tinke on yu. – I think about you.
When a verb plays the role of a preposition, it is always followed by an article (or another determiner) and the object.
mi's haus is bake da parke.
– My house is behind the park.
da bazar is inter da hotel en da plasa. – The market is between the hotel and the square.
Note that if there's no article between the "preposition" and another word, there is a compound word instead.
da rute inter di kontinente
– the route between the continents
da interkontinental rute – the intercontinental route
Common preposition-like words:
bake – at the back, behind
excepe – except
extre – outside
face – facing, toward
grace – thanks to
infra – under, below
inkluze – including
inter – between
kontre – against, countering
mide – amid, in the middle
pos – after, later
pre – before
pro – for, pro
ronde – about, around
tema – about, on the topic of
via – via, by way of
Modal particles indicate how the speaker thinks that the content of the sentence relates to the participants' common knowledge or add mood to the meaning of the sentence.
The word wa is used to turn a declarative sentence into a question.
yu wan yam som piza.
– You want to eat some pizza.
yu wan yam som piza, wa? – Do you want to eat some pizza?
Another way to tag a question is to add the word no at the end of a sentence. The no can represent any English question tag, so depending on context it will translate as: "isn't it?", "aren't they?", "can't she?", "wouldn't they?", etc.
yu wan yam som piza, no? – You want to eat pizza, don't you?
ye indicates that the speaker thinks a certain fact should already be known to the listener.
mi love yu, ye! – I do love you!
The word or indicates uncertainty. It is used when the speaker wants to be reassured.
yu love mi, or... – You love me, or...