There are several stocks of international words.
Hartmut Traunmüller divided the world into four major cultural spheres in his article A Universal Interlanguage: Some Basic Considerations. The languages within a certain cultural sphere share words (loan words and translated loan words) and cultural concepts. The four major cultural spheres are:
They are roughly outlined in the picture below.
Later Samuel P. Huntington presented a division of the humankind into civilizations in his famous book The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (1996). His division substantially matches Traunmüller's division. According to Huntington, civilization is the highest rank of cultural identity of people. It is defined by language, history, religion, customs and institutions. The list of civilization's according to Huntington is as follows, with added information by me. See en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clash_of_civilizations for another description.
|Eastern Orthodox||East Europe and North Asia||Eastern Orthodox Christianity||Greek|
|Western||Europe, North America and Australasia||Catholic and Protestant Christianity||Latin|
|Latin American||South and Central America||Catholic Christianity||Latin|
|African||Sub-Saharan Africa||African Christianity||-|
|Islamic||North Africa and South Asia||Islam||Arabic|
|Buddhist||Indochina, Sri Lanka||Theravada Buddhism||Pāli|
|Sinitic||China, Korea and Vietnam||Confucianism||Middle Chinese|
|Japanese||Japan||Shintoism and Mahayana Buddhism||Middle Chinese|
|Lone countries||Ethiopia||Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity||Ge'ez|
|Haiti||Catholicism and Vodou|
Many constructed auxiliary languages have concentrated almost exclusively on the Western vocabulary that is mainly rooted to Greek and Latin. Hence they have been called Europe centric languages ("eurolangs" in short). Some of the best known auxiliary languages are eurolangs, including Esperanto (published 1887), Ido (1907), Occidental/Interlingue (1922), Novial (1928), Interlingua (1951), Lingua Franca Nova (1966), and Glosa (1972). These languages rarely – if ever – venture beyond the Western languages in search of new words. However it is symptomatic that none of them have become very popular even in the West, on their home ground.
Languages with wider cultural base have also been created with a variety of approaches. They are called collectively worldlangs in the auxiliary language circle. Such languages include Sona (1935), Lojban (1987), Sasxsek (2003), Neo Patwa (2006) and Lingwa de Planeta (2006). Pandunia is one of the more recent worldlangs. It started off as a Eurolang in 2000 and gradually transformed into a worldlang in the following years as the author's linguistic awareness grew.
Pandunia's words come from some of the most widely spoken languages of the world. There is a methodology for selecting words. Thethree key criteria for selecting words are:
In the first step possible candidates are surveyed from widely spoken languages. The survey tells that there are several cross-linguistic words including the following:
In the second step the most prevalent word is identified. In this case it is the last one, [bʱaʂa], which is recognised nearly everywhere in India, Indochina and Nusantara.
In the third step the various word forms of the base word are surveyed and the most suitable form is selected to Pandunia. The survey gives the following alternatives:
|Language||Word in the original script||Pronunciation in IPA|
The simplest forms are [baʃa], which is found in Telugu, and [basa], which is found in Javanese and Sundanese (both are languages of Indonesia). They are also very close to the other forms, in fact nearly identical with many of them. [baʃa] appears to be more common than [basa]. However [s] is a universal sound in world languages whereas [ʃ] is much less common.
As the result, the word "basa" is adopted to the vocabulary of Pandunia.